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Yanchin Monastery
Monastery information
Denomination Eastern orthodox
type Womens' monastery
Established 1086
Disestablished 1240
Dedicated to Apostle Andrew
People
Founder(s) Vsevolod I Yaroslavich of Kiev (1030-1093)
Site
Location Kiev, Ukraine
Coordinates 50°27′19″N 30°31′14″E / 50.45528, 30.52056

Yanchin , or Andreyevsky-Yankin [1] monastery - a womens' monastery that operated in the XI-XIII centuries. Located in Kiev , in the city ​​of Vladimir. The monastery bore the name of the Apostle Andrew the First Called [2].

The location of the monastery is controversial. Perhaps [3], it was between the Church of the Tithes and the princely palace. M. F. Berlinsky , M. A. Maksimovich, P. G. Lebedintsev, N. I. Petrov believed that the Yanchin monastery was located near the Church of the Tithes, which, however, was not confirmed by archaeological research. V. A. Bogussevich suggested that the courtyard of the monastery was located in the south-east of the “city of Vladimir[4]. Yu. S. Aseev [5] and I. Ye. Ivantsov [6] belong to the city of Vladimir as well. According to N.V. Zakrevsky the monastery was located to the west of the Church of the Three Saints [7]. Perhaps it was located on St. Andrew's Hill, not far from the modern St Andrew's Church, Kiev [8].


School at Yanchin Monastery, organized by Anna Vsevolodovna

Yanchin Monastery was founded in 1086 (according to another version, until 1070 [9])) by the Grand Prince of Kiev Vsevolod Yaroslavich. In the monastery Princess Anna Vsevolodovna took the vows, becoming its first igumen [10]. The first monastery in Rus [11] (according to M. D. Khmyrov — and in Europe [3]) was founded at the monastery for women, in which Anna Vsevolodovna “brought together young girls nekoliko, taught writing, such as crafts, singing, sewing, and other knowledge useful to them, but they will understand God's law and diligence from youth, and will kill youth by temperance in youth ” [12]. E. O. Likhachev reports that it is possible to agree with Khmyrov’s statement only if the students were not random nuns or novices. The researcher does not reject this option [13] .

There is an assumption that it was in the Yanchin monastery that Anna Vsevolodovna’s sister Eupraxia took the vows as a nun [14]. Anna Polovetskaya Vsevolod Yaroslavich's second wife and Anna Vsevolodovna (1112) were buried in Yanchin monastery. Vladimir Monomakh's son Yaropolk (1139) and his grandson Vladimir Andreyevich, Princes of Berestya and Dorogobuzh (1170) [9] were also buried here .

Later, the prior priors of St. Andrew’s Monastery Gregory (1128) [9] and two Simeon (1171 and 1231) [15] are known. According to N.V. Sinitsyna, soon after Anna Vsevolodovna's death, the monastery could be transformed into a male monastery [16]. Another opinion on this score is held by Ya. N. Shchapov. The researcher points out the possible existence of “mixed” monasteries at that time, where some of the cells were occupied by women, but male monks were appointed igumens who performed church services [9]. Metropolitan Makarii Bulgakov indicates that both one and the other options were possible [17].

The Ipatiev Chronicle reports about the collapse in 1105 of the dome of the St. Andrew's Church of the Yanchin Monastery, and in 1131, about its consecratio[18]. According to E.E. Golubinsky , it seems that we are talking only about the re-consecration after amendments as a result of a fire, dilapidation, or simply made to improve the church [19]. According to Metropolitan Macarius, the monastery was burnt down or badly damaged during the devastating Kiev fire of 1124 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; invalid names, e.g. too many.

The monastery was destroyed by Batu Khan in 1240, leaving no traces [3] (even the outline of the plan [20] was not clarified for the churches of the monastery), and after that it was not renewed.

Notes[]

  1. ^ ВТ-ЭСБЕ -Янчин монастырь
  2. ^ Макарий (Булгаков), Митрополит Московский и Коломенский (1994-1996). "Монастыри, основанные на Руси в 988-1240 гг.". История Русской Церкви. 3. Состояние Русской Церкви от митрополита Климента Смолятича до начала второго периода, или до митрополита Кирилла II (1147-1240). Moscow: Издательство Спасо-Преображенского Валаамского монастыря. http://kds.eparhia.ru/bibliot/makariy/monast/. 
  3. ^ a b c Хмыров, М. Д. (1870). "Анна Всеволодовна". Алфавитно-справочный перечень государей русских и замечательнейших особ их крови. Sankt Petersburg: Обёртка печ. в тип. А. Бенке. p. 11. http://dlib.rsl.ru/viewer/01003544167#?page=12. 
  4. ^ Толочко, П. П. (1983). Древний Киев. Kiev: Наукова думка. p. 80. 
  5. ^ Асеев, Ю. С. (1982). "Вторая половина XI — первая четверть XII вв.. Время Ярославичей и Владимира Мономаха". Архитектура Древнего Киева. Кiev.: Будівельник. p. 160. 
  6. ^ Іванцов, І.О. (2003). "Будівництво на Горі". Стародавній Київ. =Кiev. pp. 368. ISBN 966-651-117-7. 
  7. ^ Закревский, Н. В. (1868). "Андреевский монастырь". Описание Киева. 1. Мoscow: Типография В. Грачёва и комп.. pp. 455. 
  8. ^ "Андреевская гора". Энциклопедический справочник «Киев» (2nd изд ed.). Кiev: Главная редакция Украинской Советской Энциклопедии. 1985. p. 38. 
  9. ^ a b c d Щапов, Я. Н.. "Два монастыря Всеволода Ярославича". Государство и церковь Древней Руси X-XIII вв.. Мoscow. ISBN 5-02-009546-X. http://www.sedmitza.ru/text/438150.html. 
  10. ^ Назаренко А. В. - Православная энциклопедия - Анна Vol.2 pag. 453|}}
  11. ^ Лихачева, Е. О. (1899). Материалы для истории женского образования в России (1086-1856). Sankt Petersburg: Тип. М.М. Стасюлевича. p. 1. 
  12. ^ "О первом женском училище на Руси". Антология педагогической мысли Древней Руси и Русского государства XIV-XVII вв.. Moscow: Педагогика. 1985. p. 92. http://www.sedmitza.ru/text/443925.html. 
  13. ^ Лихачева, Е. О. (1899). Материалы для истории женского образования в России (1086-1856). Sankt Petersburg: Тип. М.М. Стасюлевича. pp. 894. 
  14. ^ Хартмут Рюсс (2010). "Евпраксия-Адельгейда: биографический этюд" (2). ISSN 2222-9027url=http://history.spbu.ru/userfiles/RA_Hartmut_2010_2.pdf. 
  15. ^ "Андреевскій—Янчинъ монастырь". Кiev: Типографія Г. Т. Корчак-Новицкаго. 1892. p. 62. http://www.irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis_ir/cgiirbis_64.exe?Z21ID=&I21DBN=ELIB&P21DBN=ELIB&S21STN=1&S21REF=10&S21FMT=online_book&C21COM=S&S21CNR=20&S21P01=0&S21P02=0&S21P03=FF=&S21STR=00001039. 
  16. ^ Православная энциклопедия - Синицына Н. В. - Русское монашество и монастыри: X–XVIII вв. - pp.305-324}}
  17. ^ Макарий (Булгаков), Митрополит Московский и Коломенский (1994-1996). "Глава II. Киевопечерский монастырь и другие обители". 3. Состояние Русской Церкви от митрополита Климента Смолятича до начала второго периода, или до митрополита Кирилла II (1147-1240). Мoscow.: Издательство Спасо-Преображенского Валаамского монастыря. 
  18. ^ Слюсарев, Д. (1892). "Андреевскій—Янчинъ монастырь". Церкви и монастыри, построенные въ Кіеве князьями, начиная съ сыновей Ярослава до прекращенія кіевскаго великокняженія.: (Писано на Евгеніе-Румянцевскую премію).. =Кiev: Типографія Г. Т. Корчак-Новицкаго. http://www.irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis_ir/cgiirbis_64.exe?Z21ID=&I21DBN=ELIB&P21DBN=ELIB&S21STN=1&S21REF=10&S21FMT=online_book&C21COM=S&S21CNR=20&S21P01=0&S21P02=0&S21P03=FF=&S21STR=00001039. 
  19. ^ Голубинский, Е. Е. (1997). "Список каменных церквей домонгольского периода". История русской церкви. 1. Мoscow: Крутицкое патриаршее подворье, Общество любителей церковной истории. http://sbiblio.com/biblio/archive/golubinskiy_2/04.aspx. 
  20. ^ Раппопорт, П. А. (1986). "Архитектура Киевской Руси (конец X — XI в.)". Зодчество Древней Руси. «Из истории мировой культуры». Leningrad: «Наука». p. 34. 
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