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Yazoo County, Mississippi
Ricks Memorial Library Yazoo.jpg
Postcard. Ricks Memorial Library in Yazoo City.
Map of Mississippi highlighting Yazoo County
Location in the state of Mississippi
Map of the U.S. highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded January 21, 1823
Named for Yazoo River
Seat Yazoo City
Largest city Yazoo City
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

934 sq mi (2,419 km²)
923 sq mi (2,391 km²)
11 sq mi (28 km²), 1.2
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

26,743
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website yazoocounty.net

Yazoo County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2020 census, the population was 26,743.[1] The county seat is Yazoo City.[2] It is named for the Yazoo River, which forms its western border. Its name is said to come from a Choctaw language word meaning "River of Death."[3][4]

History[]

The area which is now Yazoo County was acquired by the State of Mississippi from the Choctaw Indians in 1820. Yazoo County was established on January 21, 1823. It was the 19th county established in the State of Mississippi, and remains the largest in area. It was developed for cotton plantations, and the first had access to the major river. The first county seat was at Beatties Bluff. In 1829, the county seat was moved to Benton. In 1849 the county seat was moved again, to Yazoo City, where it remains.

Yazoo County was a battlefield in 1863 and 1864 during the American Civil War. After the war, there was violence of whites against freedmen. Such violence continued after Reconstruction. In the period from 1877 to 1950, Yazoo County had 18 documented lynchings of African Americans.[5] Most occurred around the turn of the 20th century, as part of white imposition of Jim Crow conditions and suppression of black voting.

In 1900 there was a railroad disaster that killed engineer Casey Jones; it took place in Yazoo County just north of Vaughan. The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 did much damage in Yazoo County.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 934 square miles (2,420 km2), of which 923 square miles (2,390 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.2%) is water.[6] It is the largest county in Mississippi by land area and third-largest by total area.

Adjacent counties[]

National protected area[]

  • Hillside National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 6,550
1840 10,480 60.0%
1850 14,418 37.6%
1860 22,373 55.2%
1870 17,279 −22.8%
1880 33,845 95.9%
1890 36,394 7.5%
1900 43,948 20.8%
1910 46,672 6.2%
1920 37,149 −20.4%
1930 37,262 0.3%
1940 40,091 7.6%
1950 35,712 −10.9%
1960 31,653 −11.4%
1970 27,304 −13.7%
1980 27,349 0.2%
1990 25,506 −6.7%
2000 28,149 10.4%
2010 28,065 −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010-2020[1]

Age pyramid Yazoo County[11]

2020 census[]

Yazoo County Racial Composition[12]
Race Num. Perc.
White 9,184 34.34%
Black or African American 15,812 59.13%
Native American 50 0.19%
Asian 115 0.43%
Pacific Islander 6 0.02%
Other/Mixed 500 1.87%
Hispanic or Latino 1,076 4.02%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 26,743 people, 8,542 households, and 5,203 families residing in the county.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 28,065 people living in the county. 57.1% were Black or African American, 40.0% White, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% of some other race and 1.5% of two or more races. 4.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

2000 census[]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 28,149 people, 9,178 households, and 6,644 families living in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km2). There were 10,015 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 53.96% Black or African American, 44.74% White, 0.20% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 4.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

35.60% of the 9,178 households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.20% were married couples living together, 23.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.50% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 103.60 males (boys). For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,795, and the median income for a family was $29,395. Males had a median income of $28,553 versus $19,797 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,062. About 25.40% of families and 31.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.90% of those under age 18 and 22.50% of those age 65 or over.


Transportation[]

Major highways[]

  • I-55.svg Interstate 55
  • US 49.svg U.S. Highway 49
  • Circle sign 3.svg Mississippi Highway 3
  • Circle sign 16.svg Mississippi Highway 16

Airport[]

Yazoo County Airport is located in an unincorporated area in Yazoo County,[14] 2 miles (3.2 km) west of central Yazoo City.[15]

Education[]

  • Public School Districts
    • Yazoo City Municipal School District serves areas in the Yazoo City limits;[16] its high school is Yazoo City High School
    • Yazoo County School District serves areas outside of the Yazoo City limits;[16] its high school is Yazoo County High School
  • Private Schools
    • Benton Academy (Benton)
    • Manchester Academy (Yazoo City)
    • Covenant Christian School (Yazoo City)
    • Thomas Christian Academy (Yazoo City)

Politics[]

United States presidential election results for Yazoo County, Mississippi[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,832 46.30% 5,496 52.66% 108 1.03%
2016 4,598 45.66% 5,369 53.32% 103 1.02%
2012 4,941 42.52% 6,603 56.82% 76 0.65%
2008 5,290 46.09% 6,116 53.29% 71 0.62%
2004 5,672 51.62% 5,013 45.63% 302 2.75%
2000 5,254 49.96% 4,997 47.52% 265 2.52%
1996 4,152 44.49% 4,754 50.94% 427 4.58%
1992 5,113 47.58% 4,880 45.42% 752 7.00%
1988 5,538 48.03% 4,989 43.27% 1,003 8.70%
1984 6,275 54.99% 5,037 44.14% 100 0.88%
1980 4,819 45.90% 5,468 52.09% 211 2.01%
1976 4,255 50.23% 4,053 47.85% 163 1.92%
1972 5,555 72.58% 2,008 26.23% 91 1.19%
1968 958 11.89% 2,163 26.84% 4,939 61.28%
1964 4,801 95.92% 204 4.08% 0 0.00%
1960 778 23.29% 715 21.41% 1,847 55.30%
1956 370 11.98% 911 29.50% 1,807 58.52%
1952 1,683 49.72% 1,702 50.28% 0 0.00%
1948 26 1.09% 70 2.93% 2,297 95.99%
1944 78 3.28% 2,301 96.72% 0 0.00%
1940 45 1.85% 2,390 98.15% 0 0.00%
1936 17 0.79% 2,141 99.07% 3 0.14%
1932 24 1.19% 1,995 98.57% 5 0.25%
1928 112 5.23% 2,029 94.77% 0 0.00%
1924 57 4.06% 1,348 95.94% 0 0.00%
1920 46 4.57% 948 94.14% 13 1.29%
1916 25 2.12% 1,146 97.28% 7 0.59%
1912 7 0.75% 887 94.97% 40 4.28%



Communities[]

Cities[]

Towns[]

  • Bentonia

Villages[]

  • Eden
  • Satartia

Census-designated place[]

  • Benton

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Anding
  • Carter
  • Holly Bluff
  • Hopewell Landing
  • Little Yazoo
  • Midway
  • Oil City
  • Scotland
  • Tinsley
  • Vaughan

Ghost towns[]

  • Claibornesville
  • Hilton
  • Liverpool
  • Pearce
  • Plumville

Popular culture[]

Yazoo County, Mississippi has been featured in an Independent Lens series documenting bullying.[18]

Notable people[]

  • Haley Barbour, Governor of Mississippi
  • Willie Brown, football player
  • Jerry Clower, comedian
  • Henry Espy, Mayor of Clarksdale, Mississippi
  • Mike Espy, former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture
  • Lawrence Gordon, motion picture producer
  • Lynn Hamilton, actress
  • Jesse E. Holmes, minister, community leader
  • Duck Holmes, blues musician
  • T. J. Huddleston, entrepreneur
  • Skip James, blues musician
  • Tommy McClennan, blues musician
  • Willie Morris, writer
  • Stella Stevens, actress
  • Zig Ziglar, writer and motivational speaker

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/28/28163.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Seale, Lea Leslie (1939). Indian Place-Names in Mississippi. (Thesis). Louisiana State University. p. 211. https://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=8811&context=gradschool_disstheses. 
  4. ^ Johnson's (revised) Universal Cyclopaedia. 1886.
  5. ^ Lynching in America, 3rd edition Script error: No such module "webarchive"., Supplement by County, p. 6
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_28.txt. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ms190090.txt. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  11. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US28163&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  14. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for 87I - Retrieved on September 23, 2010.
  15. ^ Jeter, Lynne W. "Airports an advantage when it comes to site selection." Mississippi Business Journal. March 26, 2001. Retrieved on September 21, 2010.
  16. ^ a b "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Yazoo County, MS." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on July 7, 2017.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  18. ^ "INDEPENDENT LENS: Bully". Public Broadcasting System. http://www.kpbs.org/news/2014/oct/09/independent-lens-bully/. 

Further reading[]

External links[]

Coordinates: 32°47′N 90°24′W / 32.78, -90.40


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Yazoo County, Mississippi. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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