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York County, Pennsylvania
Seal of York County, Pennsylvania
Seal
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting York County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the U.S. highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Founded August 19, 1749
Seat York
Largest city York
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

910 sq mi (2,357 km²)
904 sq mi (2,341 km²)
6 sq mi (16 km²), 0.64%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

456,438
481/sq mi (185.8/km²)
Website www.york-county.org

York County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of 2020, the population was 456,438. It is in the Susquehanna Valley, a large fertile agricultural region in South Central Pennsylvania.

York County was created on August 19, 1749, from part of Lancaster County and named either for the Duke of York, an early patron of the Penn family, or for the city and shire of York in England. Its county seat is the city of York.[1]

Based on the Articles of Confederation having been adopted in York by the Second Continental Congress on November 15, 1777, the local government and business community began referring to York in the 1960s as the first capital of the United States of America. The designation has been debated by historians ever since.[2] Congress considered York, and the borough of Wrightsville, on the eastern side of York County along the Susquehanna River, as a permanent capital of the United States before Washington, D.C. was selected.[3]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 910 square miles (2,358 km²), of which 904 square miles (2,343 km²) is land and 6 square miles (15 km²) (0.64%) is water. The county is bound to its eastern border by the Susquehanna River. Its southern border is the Mason-Dixon Line, which separates Pennsylvania and Maryland.

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 37,535
1800 25,643 −31.7%
1810 31,958 24.6%
1820 38,759 21.3%
1830 42,859 10.6%
1840 47,010 9.7%
1850 57,450 22.2%
1860 68,200 18.7%
1870 76,134 11.6%
1880 87,841 15.4%
1890 99,489 13.3%
1900 116,413 17.0%
1910 136,405 17.2%
1920 144,521 5.9%
1930 167,135 15.6%
1940 178,022 6.5%
1950 202,737 13.9%
1960 238,336 17.6%
1970 272,603 14.4%
1980 312,963 14.8%
1990 339,574 8.5%
2000 381,751 12.4%
2010 434,972 13.9%
[4][5]

A farm in York County, Pennsylvania

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 381,751 people, 148,219 households, and 105,531 families residing in the county. The population density was 422 people per square mile (163/km²). There were 156,720 housing units at an average density of 173 per square mile (67/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.76% White, 3.69% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.39% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.96% of the population. 42.0% were of German, 12.6% American, 7.7% Irish, 6.4% English and 5.1% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.8% spoke English and 2.9% Spanish as their first language.

There were 148,219 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

The York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area is the fastest-growing metro area in the Northeast region, and is ranked nationally among the fastest-growing in the nation, according to the "2006 Population Estimates for Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas" (U.S. Census Bureau). The estimates listed York-Hanover as the 95th fastest-growing metro area in the nation, increasing 9.1 percent between 2000 and 2006.

York County is home to Martin's Potato Chips in Thomasville, Utz Quality Foods, Inc. in Hanover, Snyder's of Hanover in Hanover, Gibble's Potato Chips in York, Wolfgang Candy in York, The Bon-Ton in York, Dentsply in York, and a major manufacturing branch of Harley-Davidson Motor Company.

Politics and government[]

Prior to 1952, York County was a Democratic stronghold in presidential elections, voting majority Republican only four times since 1880. Starting with the 1952 election, it has become a Republican stronghold with Lyndon Johnson being the lone Democrat to win the county since. Since then, Jimmy Carter in 1976 and Barack Obama in 2008 are the only Democratic presidential candidates who have received over 40% of the county's vote. The only real pockets of Democratic support are in the city of York.

United States presidential election results for York County, Pennsylvania[7]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 146,733 61.36% 88,114 36.85% 4,299 1.80%
2016 128,528 61.78% 68,524 32.94% 10,977 5.28%
2012 113,304 59.63% 73,191 38.52% 3,510 1.85%
2008 109,268 55.95% 82,839 42.42% 3,179 1.63%
2004 114,270 63.74% 63,701 35.53% 1,298 0.72%
2000 87,652 60.75% 51,958 36.01% 4,676 3.24%
1996 65,188 50.87% 49,596 38.70% 13,372 10.43%
1992 60,130 44.79% 46,113 34.35% 28,002 20.86%
1988 72,408 65.16% 37,691 33.92% 1,017 0.92%
1984 75,020 68.67% 33,359 30.54% 868 0.79%
1980 61,098 59.96% 33,406 32.79% 7,387 7.25%
1976 56,912 56.94% 41,281 41.30% 1,751 1.75%
1972 63,606 68.19% 27,520 29.50% 2,154 2.31%
1968 51,631 55.30% 33,328 35.69% 8,412 9.01%
1964 33,677 36.26% 58,787 63.30% 408 0.44%
1960 55,922 58.57% 39,164 41.02% 393 0.41%
1956 48,176 55.33% 38,743 44.50% 149 0.17%
1952 44,489 52.74% 39,508 46.84% 354 0.42%
1948 32,494 47.31% 33,321 48.52% 2,863 4.17%
1944 32,617 45.84% 38,226 53.72% 315 0.44%
1940 30,228 43.22% 39,543 56.54% 165 0.24%
1936 29,233 38.55% 45,142 59.53% 1,462 1.93%
1932 25,430 44.33% 29,313 51.10% 2,622 4.57%
1928 45,791 79.60% 11,216 19.50% 522 0.91%
1924 23,044 56.15% 15,600 38.01% 2,395 5.84%
1920 19,879 55.72% 14,396 40.35% 1,404 3.94%
1916 12,276 40.12% 16,314 53.32% 2,008 6.56%
1912 5,251 17.39% 14,979 49.61% 9,965 33.00%
1908 14,610 47.48% 15,171 49.30% 990 3.22%
1904 14,837 51.85% 12,996 45.42% 781 2.73%
1900 12,327 46.29% 13,732 51.56% 572 2.15%
1896 12,258 47.04% 13,054 50.09% 748 2.87%
1892 9,052 40.59% 12,822 57.50% 426 1.91%
1888 9,047 41.68% 12,359 56.94% 301 1.39%
1884 8,014 40.68% 11,552 58.65% 132 0.67%
1880 7,870 40.43% 11,581 59.49% 17 0.09%



As of November 1, 2021, there are 305,382 registered voters in York County.[8]

  • Republican: 157,182 (51.47%)
  • Democratic: 98,431 (32.23%)
  • Independent: 40,278 (13.19%)
  • Third Party: 9,491 (3.11%)

County commissioners[]

  • Julie Wheeler, President, Republican
  • Ron Smith, Republican
  • Doug Hoke, Vice President, Democrat

[9]

Other county offices[]

  • Clerk of Courts, Dan Byrnes, Republican[10]
  • Controller, Greg Bower, Republican
  • Coroner, Pamela Gay, Republican[11]
  • District Attorney, David Sunday, Republican[12]
  • Prothonotary, Allison Blew, Republican[13]
  • Recorder of Deeds, Laura Shue, Republican[14]
  • Register of Wills, Bryan Tate, Republican[15]
  • Sheriff, Richard P. Keuerleber III, Republican[16]
  • Treasurer, Barbara Bair, Republican[17]

[18]

State House of Representatives[]

District Representative[19] Party
47 Keith J. Gillespie Republican
92 Dawn Keefer Republican
93 Mike Jones Republican
94 Stanley E. Saylor Republican
95 Carol Hill-Evans Democratic
169 Kate Klunk Republican
193 Will Tallman Republican
196 Seth Grove Republican

State Senate[]

District Senator Party
28 Kristin Phillips-Hill Republican
31 Mike Regan Republican
33 Doug Mastriano Republican
48 Chris Gebhard Republican

United States House of Representatives[]

District Representative[18] Party
10 Scott Perry Republican
11 Lloyd Smucker Republican

United States Senate[]

Senator Party
Bob Casey Democratic
Pat Toomey Republican

Municipalities[]

Map of York County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are in York County:

Cities[]

Boroughs[]

  • Cross Roads
  • Dallastown
  • Delta
  • Dillsburg
  • Dover
  • East Prospect
  • Fawn Grove
  • Felton
  • Franklintown
  • Glen Rock
  • Goldsboro
  • Hallam
  • Hanover
  • Jacobus
  • Jefferson
  • Lewisberry
  • Loganville
  • Manchester
  • Mount Wolf
  • New Freedom
  • New Salem
  • North York
  • Railroad
  • Red Lion
  • Seven Valleys
  • Shrewsbury
  • Spring Grove
  • Stewartstown
  • Wellsville
  • West York
  • Windsor
  • Winterstown
  • Wrightsville
  • Yoe
  • York Haven
  • Yorkana

Townships[]

  • Carroll Township
  • Chanceford Township
  • Codorus Township
  • Conewago Township
  • Dover Township
  • East Hopewell Township
  • East Manchester Township
  • Fairview Township
  • Fawn Township
  • Franklin Township
  • Heidelberg Township
  • Hellam Township
  • Hopewell Township
  • Jackson Township
  • Lower Chanceford Township
  • Lower Windsor Township
  • Manchester Township
  • Manheim Township
  • Monaghan Township
  • Newberry Township
  • North Codorus Township
  • North Hopewell Township
  • Paradise Township
  • Peach Bottom Township
  • Penn Township
  • Shrewsbury Township
  • Spring Garden Township
  • Springettsbury Township
  • Springfield Township
  • Warrington Township
  • Washington Township
  • West Manchester Township
  • West Manheim Township
  • Windsor Township
  • York Township

Census-designated places[]

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

  • Craley
  • East York
  • Emigsville
  • Fireside Terrace
  • Grantley
  • Hanover Junction
  • Hopewell Center
  • Leaders Heights
  • New Market
  • Ore Valley
  • Parkville
  • Pennville
  • Shiloh
  • Springetts Manor-Yorklyn
  • Spring Forge
  • Spry
  • Stonybrook-Wilshire
  • Strinestown
  • Susquehanna Trails
  • Thomasville
  • Tyler Run-Queens Gate
  • Valley Green
  • Valley View
  • Weigelstown

Education[]

Map of York County, Pennsylvania School Districts

Public School Districts[]

  • Central York School District
  • Dallastown Area School District
  • Dover Area School District
  • Eastern York School District
  • Hanover Public School District
  • Northeastern York School District
  • Northern York County School District
  • Red Lion Area School District
  • South Eastern School District
  • South Western School District
  • Southern York County School District
  • Spring Grove Area School District
  • West Shore School District
  • West York Area School District
  • York City School District
  • York Suburban School District

Public Vo-Tech Schools[]

  • York County School of Technology

Public Charter Schools[]

  • Helen Thackston Charter School (6-8) - York [20]
  • Crispus Attucks Youthbuild Charter School (K-6) - York
  • Lincoln Charter School - York
  • New Hope Academy Charter School (K-6) - York
  • York Academy Regional Charter School
  • York Adams Academy (formerly York County High School)

Independent Schools[]

  • York Country Day School Prek-12
  • York Catholic High School 7-12
  • St. Joseph School Prek-3-6

Intermediate Unit[]

Lincoln Intermediate Unit (IU#12) region includes: Adams County, Franklin County and York County. The agency offers school districts, home schooled students and private schools many services including: special education services, combined purchasing, and instructional technology services. It runs Summer Academy which offers both art and academic strands designed to meet the individual needs of gifted, talented and high achieving students. Additional services include: Curriculum Mapping, Professional Development for school employees, Adult Education, Nonpublic School Services, Business Services, Migrant & ESL (English as a Second Language), Instructional Services, Management Services, and Technology Services. It also provides a GED program to adults who want to earn a high school diploma and literacy programs. The Lincoln Intermediate Unit is governed by a 13 member Board of Directors, each a member of a local school board from the 25 school districts. Board members are elected by school directors of all 25 school districts for three-year terms that begin the first day of July.[21] There are 29 intermediate units in Pennsylvania. They are funded by school districts, state and federal program specific funding and grants. IUs do not have the power to tax.

Notable residents[]

  • John Andrews, born in York County was a United States Navy sailor awarded the Medal of Honor for actions during the Korean Expedition in 1872.
  • James Kelly, member of the United States House of Representatives from 1805–1809
  • James Alonzo Stahle, member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1895–1897
  • John Kuhn, NFL football player
  • Brian Keene, best-selling novelist
  • Craig Sheffer, actor
  • Cody Darrah, Sprint car driver who races for Sprint cup driver Kasey Kahne

See also[]

  • Rehmeyer's Hollow – location of the 1928 Hex Hollow murder
  • List of municipal authorities in York County, Pennsylvania
  • Lee's Diner
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in York County, Pennsylvania
  • Rabbit Transit

References[]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ McClure, Jim (December 9, 2007). "York: 'The first capital of the United States?'". York Town Square. York Daily Record/Sunday News. http://www.yorktownsquare.com/2007/12/first-capital-et-al-1.html. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
  3. ^ "1776-1789". York Daily Record/Sunday News. September 14, 2006. http://ydr.inyork.com/ntbf/ci_4336786. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  4. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov
  5. ^ http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu/
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  8. ^ Template:Cite Web. Dos.state.pa.us. Retrieved on November 2, 2021.
  9. ^ "Past Commissioners". https://yorkcountypa.gov/county-administration/commissioners-office/past-commissioners.html. 
  10. ^ "Chief Clerk". https://yorkcountypa.gov/county-administration/commissioners-office/administrator-chief-clerk.html. 
  11. ^ "Coroner". https://yorkcountypa.gov/county-administration/row-officers/coroner.html. 
  12. ^ "District Attorney of York County, Pennsylvania". https://www.yorkda.com/. 
  13. ^ "Prothonotory". https://yorkcountypa.gov/courts-criminal-justice/court-courtrelated-offices/prothonotary.html. 
  14. ^ "Recorder of Deeds". https://yorkcountypa.gov/property-taxes/recorder-of-deeds.html. 
  15. ^ "Register of Wills". https://yorkcountypa.gov/courts-criminal-justice/court-courtrelated-offices/register-of-wills.html. 
  16. ^ "Sheriff's Office – About Us". https://yorkcountypa.gov/courts-criminal-justice/court-courtrelated-offices/sherifs-office/about-us-sheriff.html. 
  17. ^ "Treasurer". https://yorkcountypa.gov/county-administration/row-officers/treasurer.html. 
  18. ^ a b "Elected Officials". http://www.yorkpagop.org/elected-officials. 
  19. ^ "Members of the House". http://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/home/member_information/mbrList.cfm?body=H&sort=district. 
  20. ^ Pennsylvania Operating Charter Schools 2009-10, Pennsylvania Department oF Education Report September 2009
  21. ^ "Lincoln Intermediate Unit 12". iu12.org. http://www.iu12.org/default.asp. Retrieved April 24, 2010. 

External links[]

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Coordinates: 39°55′N 76°44′W / 39.92, -76.73


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at York County, Pennsylvania. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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